Established in 2020, the purpose of EESDC is to promote sustainable natural resources development and conservation, promote sustainable agriculture and rural economic growth in Ethiopia and to improve the livelihoods of the people of Ethiopia.

The EESDC will focus on land, water and biodiversity resources of Ethiopia in order to address and improve, inter alias, food security, poverty alleviation and rural prosperity; agriculture and forestry production, water quality and quantity, reduction of deforestation and land degradation, reduction of biodiversity loss, and reduction of degradation of the environment, engagement in climate change mitigation and adaptation, as well as, empowering environmental institutions and strengthening legal frameworks and policies.